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Elpis Israel
by Dr. John Thomas

By constitution, then, one man is English, and another American.

The former is British because he is born of the flesh under the British constitution.

In this case, he is worthy of neither praise nor blame.

He was made subject to the constitution, not willingly, but by reason of them who chose that he should be born under it.

But when he comes of age, the same man may become an American.

He may put off the old man of the political flesh, and put on the new man, which is created by the constitution of the United States; so that by constitution, he becomes an American in every particular but the accident of birth.

This will be exact enough to illustrate what I am about to say.

There are two states or kingdoms, in God's arrangements, which are distinguished by constitution.

These are the Kingdom of Satan and the Kingdom of God.

The citizens of the former are all sinners; the heirs of the latter are saints.

Men cannot be born heirs by the will of the flesh; for natural birth confers no right to God's Kingdom.

Men must be born sinners before they can become saints; even as one must be born a foreigner before he can be an adopted citizen of the States.

It is absurd to say that children are born holy, except in the sense of their being legitimate.

None are born holy, but such as are born of the Spirit into the Kingdom of God.

Children are born sinners or unclean, because they are born of sinful flesh; and "that which is born of the flesh is flesh," or sin.

This is a misfortune, not a crime.

They did not will to be born sinners.

They have no choice in the case; for it is written, "The creature was made subject, th mataiovthti to the evil , not willingly, but according to the arranging ( dia tov upotaxanta This subjection to the evil, is referrible to the arranging, or constitution of things, which makes up the kosmos , or world.

Hence, the apostle says, "By Adam's disobedience the many were made sinners"; that is, they were endowed with a nature like his, which had become unclean, as the result of disobedience; and by the constitution of the economy into which they were introduced by the will of the flesh, they were constituted transgressors before they were able to discern between right and wrong.

Upon this principle, he that is born of sinful flesh is a sinner; as he that is born of English parents is an English child.

Such a sinner is an heir of all that is derivable from sin.

Hence, new-born babes suffer all the evil of the peculiar department of Satan, or sin's kingdom, to which they belong.

Thus, in the case of the Amalekites, when the divine vengeance fell upon them, the decree was -- "Utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass".