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Elpis Israel
by Dr. John Thomas

"Thou shalt not revile the Elohim, nor curse the Ruler of thy people"; that is, thou shalt not revile the magistrates, nor curse the high priest, or king.

Furthermore, it is a well established principle of the sacred writings, that what the Everlasting Father does by His agents, he is, considered as doing Himself.

There is a maxim in law similar to this, which runs somehow thus, qui facit per alios, facit per se, what one doth by, or through, others, he does of himself.

If this be borne in mind, many seeming incongruities will be harmonized.

Thus, the Lord is said to have appeared to Abraham, as he sat in his tent-door; but when he first caught sight of the visitant, he did not see the Lord but "three men," or Elohim, of whom one was the chief.

Read the whole chapter and to verse twenty-nine of the next, and it will be seen that the Everlasting God talks and acts by, or through, these Elohim, but chiefly through one of them, styled the Lord God.

In another place, God is said to appear to Jacob, and, in the eleventh verse, to say to him, "I am God Almighty"; and in the thirteenth, "God went up from him in the place where he talked with him".

He was then at Bethel, where formerly "the Elohim were revealed unto him".

On that occasion he dreamed that he saw a ladder reaching from earth to heaven, "the Lord standing above it, and the angels of God ascending and descending on it".

These angels were the Elohim, or "ministering Spirits sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation".

On one occasion, they declared to Jacob the promises made to his father and grandfather in the name of the "Invisible God"; he wrestled with God in wrestling with one of them, etc. Hence, they speak in the first person as personators of the Invisible and Incorruptible Substance, or Spirit, who is the real author of all they say and do.

On a certain occasion, the Invisible God spake to Job out of the whirlwind, and said, "Where wast thou when I laid the foundation of the earth?

Declare, if thou hast understanding.

Who hath laid the measures thereof?

Declare, if thou knowest.

Or, who hath stretched the line upon it?

Or, who laid the corner stone thereof: when the Morning Stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

" Job could not answer these questions.

He knew, doubtless, what the Elohim had done; but "touching the Almighty," by whose spirit they operated, "we cannot," said Elihu, "find him out".

The Elohim were these Morning Stars and Sons of God.

Jesus is styled "the Bright and the Morning Stax," "the Day Star," and the Son of God.

To say, therefore, that the Elohim are Morning Stars and Sons of God, is to speak in the language of scripture.

The relation of the Elohim to Him that dwelleth in the Light in the work of creation and providence may better appear by the following illustration.