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Elpis Israel
by Dr. John Thomas

"Be sure that thou eat not the blood, for the blood is the nephesh or life; and thou mayest not eat the life, nephesh, with the flesh".

But, to this it might be objected, that if the blood be the life, then so long as it is in the body it ought to live; on the contrary it dies with the blood in it.


Moses, however, does not teach the dogma of an abstract vital principle; but life, the result and consequence of the decomposition and re-combination of the elements of certain compounds.

The blood abstractly considered is not life; yet relatively, it is "the life of the flesh".

The following testimony will show the sense in which the phrase "the blood is the life" is used.

"I will set my face against that soul that eateth blood.

For the life of the flesh is in the blood itself.

I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for nephesh-tikem, your lives: for it is the blood that atones, be-nephesh, for the soul" or life.

"Whosoever catcheth any fowl that may be eaten, he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.

For it is the life of all flesh; the blood of it is for the life thereof.

Ye shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh; for the life of all flesh is the blood thereof".

Nothing can be plainer than this.

There are three kinds of living manifestations, which are characterized by the nature of the organization, or being, through which they occur.

Hence, we have vegetable life, animal life, and incorruptible life.

The last is immortality: because the body through which the life is manifested, being incorruptible, never wears out; so that being once put into motion by the spirit of God, it lives for ever.

Vegetable and animal life, on the contrary, is terrainable or mortal; because the materials through which it is revealed are perishably organized.

Mortality, then, is life manifested through a corruptible body; and immortality, life manifested through an incorruptible body.

Hence, the necessity laid down in the saying of the apostle, "This corruptible body must put on incorruption, and this mortal put on immortality," before death can be "swallowed up in victory".

This doctrine of "life and incorruptibility" (zwh; cai; a;dqarsiva) was new to the Greeks and Romans; and brought to light only through the gospel of the kingdom and name of Jesus Christ.

It was to them foolishness; and is to the moderns incredible, because they understand not the glad tidings of the age to come.

Incorruptible life.

might with equal propriety be styled spiritual life, as indicative of that with which spiritual bodies are endowed.