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Elpis Israel
by Dr. John Thomas

The year is nearly measured by lunations, and contains twelve of 29 days 12 hours, and 44 minutes each.

This would give 354 days 8 hours and 48 minutes to the year cmposed of synodical months.

but she is about 364 days, or 13 lunar months, in passing round the sun, which makes a difference between a year of lunations and a lunar year of about 10 days.

The prophetic year is neither as short as the year of lunations, nor as long as the lunar year; but 5 days 16 hours and 12 minutes added to the former, thereby giving 360 days as its duration.

A twelfth part of this is 30 days, which would be too many to represent the time of political death; therefore it seems to have been represented by lunations, or the exact interval between one new moon and another.

Three lunations and a half of day-years gives the real time as will appear from the following calculations: 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes = a moon's day multiplied by 3 days and a half = 103 days, 8 hours 34 minutes; whic, on the day for year principle, which is the element of all prophetic times, gives 103 years, 4 months, 17 days.

Instead, therefore, of saying that they lay all these years unburied on the broad way of the great city, the actual time is reduced to its minimum, by which the decorum of the symbol is preserved, and the truth expressed.

Now, "after three days and a half, the breath of life from God entered into the witnesses"; that is, after the three months and a half of day-years had fully expired, "they stood upon their feet".

The death-period elapsed on Feb.

18, 1789, and in two months and fourteen days after, being May 4, they accepted the invitation of "a great voice from the heaven," saying to them, "Come up hither!

" This great voice was the royal proclamation by which the States General were convened, and in which the witnesses took their seats as the third estate of the kingdom.

They soon proved their existence there by the events which followed.

They ascended to power in a portentous cloud, which burst upon the devoted heads of their enemies; and in the earthquake which followed they shook the world.

The resurrection of the Calvinist and Secular democracies in the great city, constitutes a great and remarkable epoch in prophetic time.

It was 1,260 years from a.


Now when we turn to the history of that period, we find that it also is dignified as a notable epoch of the times of the Gentiles.

From 529 to December 16, 533, a period of four years and eight months, there were published the celebrated code, pandects, institutes, and novels of Justinian.

"These were declared," says Gibbon, "to be the legitimate system of civil jurisprudence; they alone were admitted in the tribunals; and they alone were taught in the academies of Rome, Constantinople, and Berytus.

He addressed them to the senate and provinces as his eternal oracles; and his pride, under the mask of piety, ascribed the consummation of this great design to the support and inspiration of the Deity".

These documents became the civil and ecclesiastical constitution of the Roman empire; and as the new kingdoms of the west looked up to the majesty of Constantinople and the episcopate of Rome as the founts of jurisprudence, civilization, and religion, they gradually came to adopt the Justinian as the common law code of their kingdoms.

An incident recorded in the memoirs of Lavallette will illustrate the truth of this.

"The events that preceded the grand drama of 1789," says he, "took me by surprise in the midst of my books, and my love of study.