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Elpis Israel
by Dr. John Thomas

The Banner of Clovis.

The next engraving is from the Franciscan church at Innspruck; where is a row of tall bronze figures, twenty-three in number, representing principally the most distinguished personages of the House of Austria; the armour and costumes being those chiefly of the 16th century, and the workmanship excellent.

Among them is Clovis, king of France, and on his shield three fleurs-de-lis and three frogs, with the words underneath, "Clodoaeus der i Christenlich koenig von Frankreich"; that is, Clovis the first Christian king of France.

Armorial Shield of Clovis.

Uptonus do Militari Officio, p.

155, states that three frogs were the old arms of France, without specifying what race of kings.

Professor Schott supposes the three frogs to have been distinctly the original arms of the Bourbons; bourbe signifying mud.

This may have been the case.

When their family became the dynasty of France, they probably assumed the frogs as their arms, being kings of the Franks, whose symbol it had been so long.

The Bourbons arose out of the mud which is natural to frogs, and by the revolution of 1848 are deep in the mud again!

Typotius, p.

75, gives as the device on a coin of Louis VI., the last French king before Hugh Capet, the first of the Bourbons, a frog with the inscription, Mihi terra lacusque, land and water are mine.

In the Encyclopedia Metropolitana, on Heraldry, it is stated that "Paulus Emilius blazons the arms of France, argent three diadems gules"; others say they bear three toads, sable in a field vert (ap Gwillim.

1), which, if ever they did, it must have been before the existence of the present rules.

Such is the testimony I have to offer in the case before us.

The conviction produced on my mind is, that the Frogs in the prophecy are the symbol of the French democratic power.

It will be seen from the armorial shield of Clovis that the frogs and the lilies were both used as symbols.

They are both indigenous to wet, or marshy, lands, and therefore very fit emblems of the French, who came originally from the marshes of Westphalia.

But on the shield of Pharamond so far back as a.

420, the frogs without the lilies appear in the armorial bearings of the Franks; and in the medal of Childeric I.

there is no lily, but the frog only.

It would therefore seem from this, that the lilies were not in the original arms, but superadded many years after; and at length adopted by the Bourbons, as the symbol of their race in its dominion over the frogs.

These, then, represent the nation, and the lilies, or fleur-de-lis, the ruling dynasty.