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by Dr. John Thomas
His jurisdiction was confined to the city.
In 378, however, the Little Horn of the Goat then reigning over the east and west, extended his spiritual authority over all the churches of Italy and Gaul; and by the time of Justinian, he was prepared for presentation to the nations as spiritual head of the whole Roman habitable.
He was the god of a new system of idolatry, whose idols were the images of Mahuzzim, or "the ghosts" of pretended saints and martyrs, the demi-gods, or demons, of the New Roman mythology.
In a celebrated letter written by the Emperor Justinian to this god of patron saints, dated March 533, and which thenceforth became part and parcel of the civil law, he is recognized as the legal head of all the churches of the eastern and western provinces of the empire.
"We suffer not," says the imperial writer, "any thing that belongs to the state of the churches to be done without submitting it to your holiness, who art head of all the churches".
In this way, "the king, who did according to his will," "acknowledged" this "strange god" as of supreme spiritual authority "in the most strong holds".
The work of recognition thus far advanced by Justinian was perfected by the edict of the Emperor Phocas, who began to reign in 603.
He also wrote to the Roman Bishop in 604, and acknowledged his spiritual supremacy.
He was very liberal to the churches, and allowed the Pantheon, a temple dedicated to all the gods by his fathers, to be turned into a church, or "most strong hold," to all the saints.
Phocas was a monster in crime, and therefore the better qualified for a patron of the Roman Bishop, who hailed him as the pious avenger of the church.
By this kind of flattery a decree was obtained from him by Boniface III, in 606, declaring the Roman god universal Bishop.
Two years after, a pillar with a gilt statue on the top of it, was erected in Rome to the honour of Phocas, with the following inscription -- Pro innumerabilibus Pietatis eius beneficiis, et pro quiete procurat’, ac conservat’ libertate.
Thus was memorialized the fulfilment of the sure word of prophecy, that the Little Horn of the Goat should "in his kingdom do honour to a god of guardian saints".
When the Bishop of Rome was honoured as a god by the Little Horn of the Goat, the other Little Horn had not yet made its appearance among the ten-horned kingdoms of the Beast.
There elapsed 266 years from the date of Justinian's letter, and 193 from the decree of Phocas, before this came to pass; for Charlemagne was not crowned Emperor of the western third part of the Roman Empire till a.
Upon this occasion, he also "acknowledged and increased with glory" the Universal Bishop as a god "above every god" of his dominions.
Through his policy he also caused craft to prosper by his power.
Priestcraft gained an ascendancy in Europe which it had never attained before the rise of the Germano-Roman Little Horn among the kingdoms of the west.
By forming an alliance with "the Accursed One," all the powers were cemented together by a bond far stronger than the sword.
The Emperors perceived this, and shaped their policy accordingly.
The influence of the Popes in strengthening the imperial authority is well shown in the following quotation: "There was no general connection existing between the States of Europe till the Romans, in endeavouring to make themselves masters of the world, had the greatest part of the European States under their dominion.
From that time there necessarily existed a sort of connection between them, and this connection was strengthened by the famous decree of Caracalla, by the adoption of the Roman laws, and by the influence of the Catholic religion, which introduced itself insensibly into almost all the subdued states.