The Christadelphian Instructor
The Christadelphian Instructor
1. What is the meaning of "Christadelphian"?
2. Who is a brother or relative of Christ?
- Answer: It means brother or relative of Christ. It is the
name of Christ and the Greek word for Brother put into one.
3. What is the will of God that we should do?
- Answer: He who performs the will of God.
4. Who is it that has given the name "Christ's Brethren" to those who
do the will of God?
- Answer: That we believe in His Son Jesus Christ and keep His commandments. Proofs
5. Why are the brethren of Christ called Christadelphians in our day instead of Christian?
- Answer: It is Christ himself who has done so. Proofs
CONCERNING THE SCRIPTURES
- Answer: Because multitudes are called Christian who do not believe the truth concerning Christ or obey his commandments. It has become, in fact, the name for a system of fable, and error that has risen up in the world in the place of truth, in fulfillment of the predictions of the apostles. Therefore, to be known as a "Christian" is not to be known as a believer of the truth. Proofs
6. Where can we learn the will of God and the truth concerning Christ
7. What is the Bible?
- Answer: In the Holy Scriptures, which are known in our day as in the Bible. Proofs
8. What are the names of the men principally employed by the Spirit of God in the writing of the Bible?
- Answer: It is a book written by the power of inspiration working in prophets and apostles who lived in Israel a long time ago. They lived at different times, and each wrote his part independently of the others; but one Spirit moved them all, and enabled them to make known to mean the mind of God in history, precept and prophecy, so that the Bible though composed of many books and parts, is the one Word of God. Proofs
9. Into what parts is the Bible Divided
- Answer: Moses, Joshua, Samuel, David, Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habbakuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, James, Jude and Peter
10. Over what period of time does the composition of the Bible extend?
- Answer: Into two parts; the Old and New Testaments. But in the days of Christ, the Scriptures were known as "Moses, the Prophets, and the Psalms." The Old Testament was written by Moses and the Prophets, who came after him. The New Testament was written by the Apostles
11. Of how many books is the Bible composed: and what are their names in order?
- Answer: The Old Testament was begun by Moses about 1,600 years before Christ, and finished by Malachi a little of 1,200 years afterwards. (Before Christ 400) The New Testament was written during the lifetime of the Apostles, after the resurrection and ascension of Christ, over 1,800 years ago.
12. What does the Bible, in its several books, reveal to us?
- Answer: The Bible is composed of sixty-six books arranged in the following order of names. OLD TESTAMENT: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Michah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zepheniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi. NEW TESTAMENT: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Phillipians, Collosians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, Revelation.
- Answer: The Bible, given by the inspiration of God, reveals to us the Truth concerning God and men.
13. What does the Bible reveal concerning God?
14. What does the Bible reveal concerning the character of God?
- Answer: That there is only One God, the Father of all, even of our Lord Jesus Christ and, therefore, the common idea that God is a Trinity is un-scriptural. Proofs
15. Is God confined to heaven though dwelling there?
- Answer: That He is kind, yet inflexible in the requirements of His Law; loving and compassionate, yet terrible as a destroying fire against the rebellious and the guilty; forgiving towards offenses, yet jealous of the dignity, the glory, and supremacy of His name. He is holy, and cannot look upon sin. He is wise, and cannot tolerate fools. He is true and faithful, and will destroy all that is false and perfidious. He is just and true and perfect - at once the fountain of love and vengeance; the author of life and death; the source of reviving mercy and consuming fire. He is eternal, unchangeable, unsearchable, infinite, glorious in power and majesty - the King immortal, the Possessor of heaven and earth, to whom alone glory is due. Proofs
CONCERNING THE SPIRIT OF GOD
- Answer: He is everywhere present and nothing can be hid from His knowledge. Proofs
16. In what way is God everywhere if He dwells in heaven?
17. What is the Spirit of God??
- Answer: God is everywhere present by His spirit which proceeds from Him, and which fills all space. Proofs
18. Is God Separate and Different from the Spirit of God?
- Answer: It is His invisible power or energy breathed forth from His presence, and of like nature with His Glorious Person. By this, heaven and earth have been made and are preserved in being from moment to moment. In this we live and move and have our being in Him. Proofs
19. Do these things teach you anything concerning your conduct?
- Answer: No. God and His Spirit cannot be separated. They are both one. The Sun and the light that come from the sun are both one. So God, and the Spirit that comes from God, are both one. God is the centre and glorious substantial form of the Spirit that fills heaven and earth. Proofs
CONCERNING THE SPIRITUAL BODY
- Answer: Yes. They teach me that I am always in the presence of God though I do not feel it, and that He always sees me (even when it is dark) though I cannot see Him. Nothing can happen without His knowing it. Even though my inmost thoughts and intentions He can discern, though I should seek to keep them secret. Proofs
20. What is a Spiritual Body?
21. Is a spiritual body like a mortal body?
- Answer: It is a body made in the glorious nature of the Spirit of God, and therefore incorruptible in substance and immortal in life. Proofs
22. What is the difference of nature between a spiritual body and the mortal body?
- Answer: It is like it in shape, but not in nature. Proofs
23. Shall we ever have our mortal bodies changed into spiritual bodies?
- Answer: A mortal body grows old, decays and dies; whereas a spiritual body lasts forever. A mortal body is weak; a spiritual body is strong. A mortal body is corruptible, lustreless, and dishonorable, whereas a spiritual body is incorruptible, bright, and glorious. Even the clothes worn by a spiritual body can become as white as snow and as shining as the sun. Proofs
- Answer: All will experience this glorious change who believe, love, and obey the truth steadfastly to the end. They will rise from the dead at the coming of Christ, and appear before him to be judged, along with all others who are at that time brought to judgment. When he has separated them from the unfaithful, the unfaithful will be dismissed from his presence to shame, corruption, and death, while they , the accepted, will be changed in a moment all in one company, in the likeness of the body of their glorious judge. Proofs
24. What are angels?
25. What is the nature of the angels?
- Answer: They are glorious beings sent by God on various errands throughout the universe? Proofs
26. Are the angels, then, of the same nature as we shall become if we are saved at the resurrection?
- Answer: They are spiritual bodies, and like men in their form and aspect. Proofs
27. Have angels ever been seen upon earth?
- Answer: Yes, exactly the same. The promise to us is that we shall become equal to them, and die no more. Proofs
28. Have the Angels Names?
- Answer: Yes, many a time. Three appeared to Abraham; two visited Sodom; one wrestled with Jacob, to whom also a host appeared; one led the Israelites out of Egypt; one withstood Balaam; one appeared to Gideon; one to Manoah, one to David; one to Daniel; one destroyed Sennacherib's army; one appeared to the father of John the Baptist; one to the mother of Jesus, one to the shepherds; a multitude sang on the plains of Bethlehem. They appeared also at the resurrection of Christ and at various times to the Apostles after Christ's ascension. Proofs
29. Why are the angels spoken of as if they were God?
- Answer: Yes, such as Gabriel; but the name by which they are more commonly described in the Bible is simply angel. Sometimes they are spoken of as God. Proofs
- Answer: Because they come on God's business and work by His power, and are of His nature. His name is in them. Proofs
30. What does the Bible reveal concerning man?
31. Is man an immortal being?
- Answer: The Bible reveals that man is a living soul or creature, originally made of the dust of the ground, in the image of God. Proofs
32. Has man an immortal part that lives in death, as held by nearly every religious system earth?
- Answer: No: he is mortal. He dies and returns to the dust. Proofs
33. May not man's life be immortal though his body be mortal?
- Answer: No: that doctrine is one of the many religious lies that have come to be regarded as truth. Man is wholly mortal. God only has immortality. Immortality is something a man has to seek for; it is a matter of promise and hope. Proofs
34. Has man, then, no conscious existence in death?
- Answer: Man's life is not in himself. It is the power of God by which he lives, and which returns to God when man dies. If God were to gather it all to Himself, man would perish from the universe. Proofs
35. Why is man in his present mortal and evil state?
- Answer: Man has no existence of any kind in death. He is dead - entirely dead for the time being, and knows no more than if he had never been born. Proofs
36. Does God intend that the human race shall always be subject to its present evil state?
- Answer: Man is mortal because of sin. It is God's law that sinners must die. Adam, our first father, sinned and was sentenced to death before he had any children. Death began with him, and came to us through him. We receive the nature that he had after he was condemned to die. We thus inherit his sentence of death. Besides this, we are all sinners ourselves. Proofs
37. Will God bring about this great change without any reference to whether men please Him or not?
- Answer: No: He purposes to take away sin from the earth altogether, and to cause death to cease. Proofs
38. The Scriptures declare that "there is none righteous, no not one." How then can salvation come, if it is to depend on righteousness?
- Answer: No: the work will be thoroughly done in righteousness. As death came by sin, so life will come by obedience. Proofs
39. How can men who have been sinners lay hold on the righteousness of God in Christ?
- Answer: The state of man, left to himself, is what the Scriptures describe. But God has not left man to himself. He has interposed in his affairs, and opened a way of righteousness near through Jesus Christ and asks men to lay hold of it by faith in him. Proofs
40. Are such saved by faith in Christ alone?
- Answer: Because God calls on them to repent, and offers to forgive their sins if they believe in Jesus and put on his name. Proofs
- Answer: No. Faith justifies from all past sins, and ensures peace with God: but works are requisite to retain His favour and secure acceptance at the last. Proofs
41. Who was Jesus Christ?
42. Was Jesus Christ a man, as well as the Son of God?
- Answer: Jesus Christ was the Son of God. Proofs
43. How was Jesus Christ both man and the Son of God?
- Answer: Yes, he was a man also, made in all things like unto ourselves, yet without sin. Proofs
44. Was Jesus both divine and human then?
- Answer: Because he was begotten of a human virgin-mother by the power of the Spirit of God, and not by a human father. Mary, a damsel descended from David, and betrothed to Joseph, also a descendant of David, was his mother; and God was his father. So that on his father's side he was the Son of God, and on his mother's side he was the son of David, and, therefore, a man partaking of David's nature, which was the nature common to all. Proofs
45. Was there a connection between Jesus and the Father that does not exists between God and other men?
- Answer: He was human as to the substance of which he was made; but divine as to the source from which he came; the Spirit from which he derived his wisdom; and the pattern of the character which he possessed.Proofs
46. Was Jesus God co-equally and co-eternally with the Father, as Trinitarianism teaches?
- Answer: Yes, Jesus and the Father were one by the Spirit, which, proceeding from the Father, embraced them both. God was thus in Christ, and Christ was thus the manifestation of God: which things cannot be said of any other man.Proofs
CONCERNING THE NAME OF JESUS
- Answer: The man Christ Jesus, begotten of the Father and endowed immeasurably with His spirit, was distinct from the Father, though one with Him in the sense expressed in the last answer. But as to co-equality and co-eternity, these are ideas that owe their existence to the speculations and disputations of Church theologians in the third and fourth centuries. They do not belong to the New Testament system of doctrine concerning Christ. This system teaches that the God of Christ was the Father who fills heaven and earth by His Spirit. Christ disowned co-equality with the Father; and co-eternity is impossible in a son.Proofs
47. Why was Jesus Christ called by that name.
48. In what way does His name show this.
- Answer: To show who he was and what was his mission.Proofs
49. What is anointing?
- Answer: First by Jesus, which is a name of Hebrew origin, signifying God shall save; and then by Christ, which is a Greek word, meaning anointed.Proofs
50. Was Christ anointed with oil?
- Answer: It is the ceremony by which kings and priests were by divine appointment consecrated to their office. It consisted in putting holy oil on their heads.Proofs
51. Then a man bearing the name of Jesus Christ would be pointed out by that name as the man through whom God, by the anointing Spirit, would save men -- from what?
- Answer: No: he was anointed with that of which the oil of ancient custom was but a type. He was anointed with the spirit of God at his baptism in the Jordan. Proofs
52. In what way does God save men from their sins by Christ?
- Answer: From their sins.Proofs
CONCERNING THE DEATH OF CHRIST
- Answer: He forgives them for Christ's sake, and by the power of his teaching. He turns men away from their sins, and leads them to righteousness.Proofs
53. In what way does God save men from their sins through Christ?
54. What has been accomplished in Christ?
- Answer: Because of what has been accomplished in him.Proofs
55. What has been accomplished in Christ?
- Answer: Sin has been condemned in his death on the cross, and the righteousness of God has been declared and exhibited to all the world in the shedding of his blood. Proofs
56. Where did Jesus differ in this matter from other men?
- Answer: Because being born of Adam's condemned race, and partaking of their condemned nature, Christ was made subject, equally with them, to the consequences of Adam's transgression. Therefore his public execution was a public exhibition of what was due to man from God. It pleased God to require this before inviting men to reconciliation through the man in whom this vindication should take place. Proofs
57. What are we to understand by the statement of Paul quoted in proof of the answer to Question 55 that Jesus died that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil? Who is this devil?
- Answer: Where Jesus in this matter differed from other men was, in the spotlessness of his personal character, on account of which the Father was well-pleased. Jesus required no forgiveness. It was this that opened the way for his resurrection. For had he been a sinner as other men, death must have held the power over him that it had over them. But God raised him from the dead after sin had been condemned in his crucifixion, and being raised from the dead, 'Death hath no more dominion over him'. 'He ever liveth to make intercession for us, and is able to save to the uttermost all those who come unto God by him.' In this way he has become the righteousness of God to us. Proofs
CONCERNING THE WAY OF SALVATION
- Answer: The devil, or Satan, is the Bible name for sin in its various forms among men. Christ took away sin by the sacrifice of himself. Sin is the death-power. There is no such being as the personal immortal devil of popular religious belief. The belief in such a being is due to the misunderstanding of certain figures and symbols in the Bible. The Bible devil has many shapes; but all these have their origin in the insubordination of flesh and blood to divine law. He presents himself in our own feelings, and in the persons of those who would draw us into wrong ways. In his largest shape, he exists in the present political constitution of things upon the earth. Proofs
58. Is it possible for us to be saved apart from this work of Christ?
59. In what way are we brought into connection with the work of salvation accomplished in Christ?
- Answer: No: God has provided no other way of salvation for man than Jesus Christ. Proofs
60. Is faith by itself enough to secure for us the benefit of the work of Christ?
- Answer:By faith in it. Our faith is counted for righteousness. Proofs
61. What "works" are those who believe commanded to do?
- Answer:No: there must be obedience, or "works" also. Proofs
62. What is baptism?
- Answer:There are many things they have been commanded to do. First, they are commanded to be baptized. Proofs
63. What does baptism do for us?
- Answer:Burial in water. Proofs
CONCERNING THE COMMANDMENTS OF CHRIST
- Answer:It is the act that God has appointed, by which a believer puts on Christ and receives the remission of sins. Proofs
64. What other commandments has Christ delivered for our observance?
65. Are there other commandments that we must obey.
- Answer: He has commanded us to assemble ourselves together on every first day of the week to break bread and drink wine in remembrance of him. Proofs
66. Instruct a few things we are supposed to do.
- Answer:Yes; many. Some of these commandments tell us what we are to do, and others tell us what we are not to do. Proofs
67. Is faith by itself enough to secure for us the benefit of the work of Christ?
- We are to love God and Christ.
- To do to men as we would that they should do to us.
- To love one another.
- To sympathize with men in their joys and sorrows.
- To love even our enemies, blessing those who curse us, doing good to those who hate us, and praying for those who badly use us.
- We are to be ready to every good work, to give to those who ask, to relieve the afflicted.
- To be faithful even to bad masters.
- To pray always and in everything give thanks.
- To speak the truth always.
- To be blameless and harmless.
- To be humble, brave, joyful, courteous, and manly.
- To follow after whatsoever things are true, honest, pure, just, lovely, and of good report.
68. Is faith by itself enough to secure for us the benefit of the work of Christ?
- Answer:No: there must be obedience, or "works" also. Proofs
69. Is faith by itself enough to secure for us the benefit of the work of Christ?
- Answer:No: there must be obedience, or "works" also. Proofs
CONCERNING FAITH AND THE GOSPEL
- Answer:No: there must be obedience, or "works" also. Proofs
70. Is faith by itself enough to secure for us the benefit of the work of Christ?
71. What is it that we are invited to believe or place confidence in before our baptism?
- Answer:No: there must be obedience, or "works" also. Proofs
72. What is the gospel?
CONCERNING THE KINGDOM OF GOD
- Answer: The word "gospel" means good news or glad tidings; and the glad tidings announced by Christ and the Apostles are the things concerning the Kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ. Proofs
73. What is the Kingdom of God?
74. Who will be in the Kingdom of God?
- Answer: It is a kingdom that God will set up on earth which will overthrow and take possession of all others. Proofs
75. Will Christ reign alone in the Kingdom of God, or will others reign with him?
76. Who are they that will reign with Christ in the Kingdom of God?
- Answer: Others will reign with him. Proofs
77. Who are the saints?
78. Did God ever have a kingdom on earth before?
- Answer: Those who believe and obey the gospel. Proofs
79. Will the Kingdom of God, in which Christ and the saints will reign, have any relation to the Divine Kingdom of Israel that existed in the past?
- Answer: Yes; the Kingdom of Israel was the Kingdom of God. Proofs
80. Will the restored Kingdom of Israel occupy the same land that it was established in before?
- Answer: The Kingdom of God, in which Christ and the saints will reign, will be the Kingdom of Israel restored. Proofs
81. Will the Kingdom be composed of the same nation that it formerly consisted of, namely, the Jews who are not scattered?
- Answer: Yes, it will be re-established in the very land where David reigned and where Christ was crucified. Proofs
CONCERNING ABRAHAM, ISAAC AND JACOB
- Answer: Yes, the Jews, the descendants of Abraham now dispersed in all the countries of the world will be gathered to their own land, and made there a great and righteous nation. Proofs
82. Who was Abraham?
83. Why did Abraham remove to Canaan?
- Answer: Originally he was a dweller in the land of the Chaldeans, on the eastern side of the Euphrates, but when he was 75 years old, he left his friends and removed to Canaan. Proofs
84. Why did God command Abraham to remove to Canaan?
- Answer: Because God commanded him to do so. Proofs
85. What was the purpose God had formed?
- Answer: Because of the purpose God had formed concerning him and all the earth. Proofs
86. Did God make known this purpose to anyone else than Abraham?
- Answer: To make of Abraham a great nation for the glory of God and the blessing of all mankind at last. Proofs
87. How did God lay the foundation of His work with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob?
- Answer: Yes, to Abraham's son, Isaac, and to Isaac's son, Jacob. Proofs
88. Did Abraham, Isaac and Jacob receive possession of the land of Canaan thus promised to them?
- Answer: He made a covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, wherein they were strangers, for an everlasting possession. Proofs
89. Will God fulfill His promise to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, by giving them the land of Canaan, wherein they dwelt as strangers during their mortal days?
- Answer: No; they were strangers in the land of promise during their lifetime and died (and were all three buried at Hebron) without receiving it. Proofs
CONCERNING ISRAEL'S DELIVERANCE FROM EGYPT
- Answer: God will certainly fulfill His promise. He will raise Abraham, Isaac and Jacob from the dead, and give them possession of the land, when the Kingdom of God having been established there, it will have become a heavenly country. Proofs
90. After having established His Covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, what next did God to in preparation for the carrying out of His purpose?
91. How long were they in Egypt?
- Answer: He sent Jacob's family down into Egypt, where in process of time they grew numerous, and were enslaved by Pharaoh, who used them as makers of brick for the building of cities. Proofs
92. How did they get away from Egypt?
- Answer: Between two and three hundred years.
93. Did they go straight to the land of promise?
- Answer: God sent Moses to Pharaoh to demand their release, and when Pharaoh refused to let them go, God sent plagues into the land, one after another, to the number of ten, and at the last, Pharaoh was glad to let them go.
94. What did God do to release His people from the strait they were in?
- Answer: No; God led them to the west side of the Red Sea, where they were brought into great danger; for Pharaoh, hearing that they were in a place where they could not get away, came out with a great army to catch them, and take them back again into Egypt. Proofs
95. For what purpose did God perform all these wonderful works?
- Answer: He opened a way in the sea for Israel to pass through. Israel got safely to the other side, and when the Egyptians followed them. God brought the sea upon the Egyptians and drowned them all. Proofs
96. When Israel had crossed the Red Sea, what did God next do with them?
- Answer: That He might make His existence and power known to Israel and to all the earth. Proofs
97. Why did He do that?
- Answer: He led them to the wilderness of Sinai among great and barren mountains, and showed His presence in a visible manner before them by descending to the top of Sinai in the midst of dense cloud, smoke, and earthquake; and speaking to them with a loud voice which they all heard. Proofs
98. What did God say in the hearing of the children of Israel?
- Answer: That the people might believe in Moses as the prophet of God, and be prepared to obey the law which he purposed to give them through him. Proofs
99. Did He deliver a law to them besides the ten commandments?
- Answer: He recited the ten commandments. Proofs
CONCERNING THE FIRST COVENANT
- Answer: Yes, He spoke to Moses many other things which Moses spoke to the people. Proofs
100. Did God make a covenant with the people about these things?
101. What is this covenant called in the Scriptures?
- Answer: Yes; God offered to bless them with many blessings if they would obey the law that He would give them, and the people promised to do all that the Lord would command. Then the Lord gave the law, and Moses wrote it in a book, and read it to the people. He then sprinkled the book and the people with the blood of sacrifices, and thus a covenant was established between god and the people. Proofs
102. Why is it called the first or the old covenant, seeing there was a covenant before it, namely, the covenant made with Abraham, spoken of in Question 86?
- Answer: It is called the first, or the old, covenant. Proofs
CONCERNING ISRAEL IN THE WILDERNESS
- Answer: Because, although the covenant of the law of Moses was the last to be given, it was the first to come into force, and was the law of Israel's national life for many hundreds of years before the confirmation of the covenant made with Abraham by the shedding of the blood of Christ. Proofs
103. What happened after the giving of the law to Israel, and the establishment in their midst of all things pertaining to it?
104. Did they do as they were commanded?
- Answer: God commanded Israel to march and enter the land of Canaan and subdue the nations that were there. Proofs
105. What did God do to them for this disobedience?
- Answer: They meant to do it, but when they heard that the nations of Canaan were so strong, they were afraid and made up their minds not to go, but to kill Moses, and set up another captain over them who would lead them back into Egypt. Proofs
106. What happened at the end of forty years?
- Answer: Having shown His glory visibly in the camp to protect Moses, He ordered the whole congregation to go back into the wilderness, and there to remain for 40 years till the whole of the men over 20 years of age were dead. Proofs
107. Was it wicked for Israel to make war upon the Canaanite nations?
- Answer: At the end of the forty years, the Israelites came to Canaan from the east side of the river Jordan. When the nations on that side had been conquered, Moses died; and then the children of Israel crossed the Jordan and attacked the nations of Canaan. Proofs
CONCERNING RIGHT AND WRONG
- Answer: No. The Canaanitish nations were sunk in wickedness, and God had commanded Israel to execute judgment upon them. It would have been wickedness if they had not done it. Proofs
108. What is wickedness? and what is rightness?
109. Since God had said, "Thou shalt not kill", was it not wicked to kill the Canaanites?
- Answer: That is wicked which God forbids: and that is righteous which God commands -- whatever it is. Proofs
CONCERNING ISRAEL UNDER THE JUDGES
- Answer: No; because God commanded Israel to kill the Canaanites. There is a time to kill and a time to keep alive. God knows the one thing and the other, and when He commands, man has nothing to do but obey. God can do as He pleases. None can call Him in question. Proofs
110. When Israel, under Joshua, had destroyed the seven nations of Canaan, what did they do with their land?
111. Did they continue obedient to these laws?
- Answer: They divided it amongst themselves by lot, and settled down in it to live in it according to the laws God had given them by Moses. Proofs
112. What was the consequence of their turning away from the law of Moses?
- Answer: Yes, so long as Joshua was alive and the old men who outlived him. After that, they turned away from the law of Moses, and began to do as the Canaanites did who lived near them They forsook the worship of God and worshipped idols. Proofs
113. Did these troubles destroy Israel?
- Answer: God brought them into great trouble by allowing the neighbouring nations to get the upper hand of them, and drive them out of their houses, and take possession of their goods and lands. Proofs
114. Can you name the judges He so raised up?
- Answer: No. When they got into trouble, they repented of their disobedience, and cried to God; and time after time, during a period of 450 years, God raised them up judges who delivered them. Proofs
CONCERNING ISRAEL BECOMING A NATION
- Answer: After Joshua, Othniel, Ehud, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Abimelech, Tola, Jair, Jephthah, Ibsan, Elon, Abdon, Samson, Eli, and Samuel. These judges, though coming one after the other, did not all succeed each other in an unbroken line. There were intervals during which Israel was oppressed by neighbouring kings. Proofs
115. What change took place in the days of the last of these judges?
116. Did Samuel comply with their wishes?
- Answer: Israel desired a king that they might be like the other nations. They came to Samuel and asked him to appoint them a king. Proofs
117. Did Saul prove to be a good king?
- Answer: Go told Samuel to do as they wished: and Samuel anointed Saul, son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin, to be their king. Proofs
118. What was the consequence of Saul's disobedience?
- Answer: No; he several times disobeyed God in important matters that he had been commanded to do. Proofs
119. Was David a good king?
- Answer: God rejected him from being king, and appointed David, the son of Jesse, of the tribe of Judah, in his place. Proofs
120. How many kings came after him in succession, sitting upon his throne? and what were their names?
- Answer: Yes, he was a man after God's own heart. All his life he did what was right in the eyes of the LORD except in one or two things in which he erred, but God forgave him. Proofs
121. Did the kings, whom we have just enumerated, reign over the twelve tribes of Israel, as David did?
- Answer: There were twenty kings after David, all lineally descended from him, and sitting on his throne. The names were: Solomon, Rehoboam, Abija, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Joram, Ahaziah, Joash, Amaziah, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, and Zedekiah. Proofs
122. Of what ten tribes did the new kingdom consist?
- Answer: Solomon did so, but after his death, as a punishment for his sins, ten tribes revolted from the government of David's house, and set up a king of their own, - one Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, who established a separate Kingdom in the Northern part of Palestine, consisting of the ten tribes. Proofs
CONCERNING THE DIVISION OF THE KINGDOM INTO TWO PARTS
- Answer: Of the tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, Zebulun, Ashwer, Dan, Gad, Simeon, and Rebuen. Proofs
123. What was the new kingdom called?
124. Was the new kingdom ruled by the law of Moses as when David and Solomon reigned?
- Answer: The Kingdom of Israel. It was also frequently spoken of by the prophets as "Ephraim" from the leading tribe. Proofs
125. How many kings reigned over the kingdom of the ten tribes, and what were their names?
- Answer: No. Jeroboam abandoned the law of Moses and led the ten tribes into idolatry, from which they never departed. Proofs
126. Of what tribes did the kingdom of David consist after the revolt of the ten tribes?
- Answer: The kings who reigned after Jeroboam were 18 in number: Nadab, Baasha, Elah, Zimri, Omri, Ahab, Ahaziah, Joram, Jehu, Jehoahaz, Joash, Jeroboam, Zechariah, Shallum, Menahem, Pekahiah, Pekah, Hoshea. Proofs
127. By what name was the kingdom of David's successors known, and how long did it last?
- Answer: Of Benjamin and Judah. Proofs
CONCERNING THE COVENANT MADE WITH DAVID
- Answer: The Kingdom of David was known as the Kingdom of Judah. It lasted 393 years after the revolt of the ten tribes. It was then overthrown by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who took the people away into Babylon, where they remained in captivity for seventy years. There was then a restoration under Ezra and Nehemiah, in consequence of a decree of Cyrus, king of Persia, who had overthrown the kingdom of Babylon. But the kingdom of David was never restored. In about 540 years after the return from Babylon, Christ was born. In seventy years after that, the Jewish state was broken up by the Romans, and since then, it has been "trodden down of the Gentiles". Proofs
128. Did God make a covenant with David concerning the everlasting continuance of his kingdom.
129. Has the covenant made with David been fulfilled?
- Answer: Yes; He promised to give him a son who should sit on his throne for ever, and set up a Kingdom in Israel that should have no end; and that David should see it with hi eyes, and have a place therein. Proofs
130. Will Christ, then, yet occupy the throne of David?
- Answer: It was fulfilled typically in Solomon; but its real fulfillment is to be in Christ, who was born in David's line and declared to be, not only the Son of God, but the Son of David and heir to David's throne. Proofs
131. Is Christ coming to the earth a second time?
- Answer: He will. At his second coming, he will sit on his throne, and reign in Jerusalem as king of the Jews and ruler of all mankind. Proofs
CONCERNING RESURRECTION, RESPONSIBILITY AND JUDGMENT
- Answer: Yes; he will return as really as he went away; and when he comes, men will see him as really as when he was on the earth before. Proofs
132. What will Christ do when he returns?
133. Who are responsible to judgment?
- Answer: He will assemble all those who are responsible to judgment, living or dead. The dead he will bring from their graves; the living he will gather by his angels. They must all appear before his judgment seat, that they may receive through the body according to what they have done in this present life. Proofs
134. Are there some that are not responsible?
- Answer: All who know the truth, whether they submit to it or refuse. Proofs
135. What becomes of those who are not responsible?
- Answer: Yes, many. It is the light that makes responsible; but darkness covers the earth; and where there is darkness, sin is not imputed. Proofs
136. What will the righteous among the responsible receive?
- Answer: They die and pass out of memory, as if they had never been. Proofs
137. What will become of those whom he rejects?
- Answer: Immortality of nature. Their mortal bodies will be changed in a moment by the power of the Spirit of God. Proofs
138. When Christ has judged those who appear before him, what will he do?
- Answer: They will depart from his presence with shame and vexation, to suffer according as the Judge shall think they deserve, and at last to be devoured by the second death. Proofs
CONCERNING CHRIST AS THE VANQUISHER OF THE GENTILES AND THE RESTORER OF ISRAEL
- Answer: He will make war upon the nations of the earth and subdue them. Proofs
139. When the nations are overthrown, what will he do next?
140. Will all the Jews be restored?
- Answer: He will gather the Jews from their dispersion among all the nations and re-establish them in their own land. Proofs
141. Will the Jews be a righteous nation in the day of their restoration?
- Answer: They will all be gathered from Gentile lands: but they will not all enter the land: the disobedient are to be destroyed from the midst of them, as it was when they came out of Egypt under Moses. Proofs
142. Will there be a new Temple in their midst in that happy day?
- Answer: Yes, a new covenant will be made with them under which all their sins will be forgiven, and the law of God will be written in their hearts and minds. All will know and love God, from the least to the greatest. Proofs
CONCERNING OTHER NATIONS DURING THE REIGN CHRIST
- Answer: Yes; such a temple as has never been seen upon the earth for size and magnificence. The land will be turned into a Paradise, and the temple will stand in the centre of the land in a section of country dedicated wholly to the Lord. To this, all nations will regularly journey, to learn the way of God and worship before Him. Proofs
143. In what relation will the nations of the earth stand to Israel and their glorious King?
144. How long will this ruling of all nations by Christ and his people last?
- Answer: The nations of the earth will all be subject to Christ, and do honour to the Jews, of whose blessedness they will share. Proofs
145. Will the nations be mortal or immortal during that time?
- Answer: One thousand years. Proofs
CONCERNING THE END OF THE THOUSAND YEARS.
- Answer: None will be immortal but Christ and his brethren - the saints. There will be death among men generally as now, only life will be greatly prolonged, and will be a blessed and happy state. Proofs
146. Will the Kingdom come to an end at the close of the thousand years?
147. What will be the nature of the change that will take place then?
- Answer: The kingdom will never end: but will undergo a change at the close of the millenium. Proofs
148. How will the cessation of death be brought about at the end of the thousand years?
- Answer: The nature of the change in its detail has not been revealed: but we know that death will then cease upon earth, and that Christ will deliver up the Kingdom to the Father, that God may be all in all. Proofs
149. Will it be possible for those who live as mortal men during the reign of Christ to become immortal at the end of the thousand years?
- Answer: By all men being made immortal who have come into harmony with God during the reign of Christ. As for those who remain out of harmony with Him, they will be destroyed. Proofs
150. When death is thus abolished from the earth, will the earth be destroyed?
- Answer: Yes; if they please God, they will enter into life at the end of the thousand years, just as those do who enter into life at the beginning of that period. If they die before that time, they will then be raised and glorified. If they are alive, they will be changed. Their number will be much greater than the number of those who become immortal at the beginning of the thousand years. They will be the harvest, while those accepted at the coming of Christ will be but the first-fruits. Proofs
- Answer: No; the earth will endure for ever, filled with the glory of God and His deathless rejoicing people. Proofs